A new five-step plan has been announced to avoid further local lockdowns across the country.
The Prime Minister told a Downing Street press conference: “We need to move away from blanket national measures to targeted local measures.
Their new approach is based on monitoring, engaging, testing, targeted restrictions and as a last resort lockdowns.
It will avoid locking down the whole country, and only will lock down specific premises, or local areas where the virus is spreading.
The PM added: “Instead of closing down non-essential retail and hospitality nationwide, we will only shut establishments locally as required.
“Instead of shutting all schools for most pupils, from September we will only shut those schools where it is absolutely necessary to control an outbreak.”
The first stage, monitoring, will see teams analyse data to find out what is happening in local areas and identify problems.
Engagement will focus on test and trace teams developing a deeper understanding of the problems.
On stage three of the five-step approach – testing – Boris Johnson said: “We now have substantial testing capacity nationwide and we have the ability to target that capacity at local areas in order to get a grip on emerging outbreaks.”
He said scaled-up testing and contact tracing can control the virus and avoid more stringent measures.
On stage four – targeted restrictions – Mr Johnson said if the virus spread the activities will be restricted “at particular locations” with “individual premises” made to close.
He said if areas become hotspots for the virus, people who have spent time in those places will be tested and their contacts will be traced if they test positive.
The final stage – local lockdown – will be implemented if the previous measures do not stop the spread of the virus.
Mr Johnson said: “Local lockdown will be carefully calibrated depending on the scientific circumstances of each outbreak.”