Life expectancy in England and Wales drops by more than a year due to Covid-19

0
16



The life expectancy of men and women living in England and Wales has dropped by more than a year, new research shows.

The new mortality rates come as a result of an estimated 62,750 excess deaths in 2020 during the Covid-19 pandemic according to experts.

Researchers at the University of Oxford’s Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, life expectancy was cut for men by 1.3 years, with the life expectancy of women going down by one year.

In it’s recently-published paper, the Leverhulme team calculated more people died in 2020 by comparing the number of registered deaths by all causes during the year with mortality trends from the last decade.

It allowed the team to understand the overall mortality impact of the pandemic.

Ridhi Kashyap, one the study’s authors says: “As the nation reels from the shocking news that the number of deaths in the UK, for which Covid-19 is listed on the death certificate, has exceeded 100,000, our research provides further understanding of the tragic impact of the pandemic in England and Wales.

“Our calculations show almost 63,000 more people died in the first 10 months of the pandemic in England and Wales than would usually be expected to die from any cause between March and December.

“This elevated mortality significantly reduced life expectancy in 2020.”

One of Leverhulme team, José Manuel Aburto added: “Our analyses rely on modelling which compares 2020 mortality levels to figures from the past decade.

“This enabled us to take into account changes in population structure over this period, the fact more people now live longer than 85, and seasonal patterns of mortality more robustly.

“But the sad fact is that, in 2020, life expectancy for both men and women reduced by over a year, wiping out gains made on life expectancy in the past decade.

“Men experienced greater losses in life expectancy, and experienced higher death rates than women at all ages over the pandemic.”

Ridhi added: “The magnitude of these losses in life expectancy are especially significant given that over the course of the 20th century, we saw increases in life expectancy in England and Wales of nearly three years every decade.

“While there has been a slowdown in improvements in life expectancy since 2010, with a dip in 2015 in particular due to a bad flu season, the fall that we saw over the course of the Covid-19 pandemic is truly unprecedented.”

The research was published in J ou rnal of Epidemiology and Community Health, BMJ Journals



Source link

قالب وردپرس

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here