How lockdown now compares across the UK as England lifts more lockdown measures

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Key changes to lockdown rules have been announced in England with the announcement that pubs, restaurants and cinemas will be allowed to open from July 4.

But in Wales, the next review is due to be held on Friday, July 10.

First Minister Mark Drakeford said on Monday June 22 said that the Welsh Government would be assessing the two-metre rule themselves.

Mr Drakeford said they will follow the advice that Mr Johnson is relying on as well as the advice from Wales’ chief medical officer and medical networks.

“We put the health of the public first,” he said.

The Welsh Government says: “Decisions on the rules for preventing the spread of the virus in Wales are for the Welsh Government.

“These are made based on the scientific and medical advice given to Ministers in Wales, and respond to the particular circumstances of Wales.”

The UK government is only responsible for lockdown restrictions in England.

This is because health is a devolved matter, which means that Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are responsible for their own policies in relation to public health matters.

Here are the rules across the four countries:

Meeting friends and family



Some families in England will be reunited from Saturday

Wales

There is no limit on the number of people who can meet up outdoors, but they can only be from two different households and it has to be outside, and cannot go into other people’s houses, even to use the toilet.

England

Groups of up to six are allowed to meet.

Boris Johnson announced on Tuesday that two households will be allowed to meet indoors and stay overnight

Scotland

People from one household can meet outdoors with people from up to two other households. You can meet these two households together or separately and it doesn’t always have to be the same households – but it should be no more than two at a time and no more than two in a day.

The government are still advising no more than eight in any group.

Northern Ireland

Up to six people will be able to meet indoors from Tuesday. Earlier this month, ministers approved the creation of indoor social bubbles involving one person living on their own and another household, without the need for social-distancing restrictions, to combat loneliness and isolation.

Shielded people




England

People with underlying health issues who are most at risk from Covid-19 will no longer have to shut themselves away in their home and can mix with other people from July 6 in England.

Support for people who are undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, have a damaged immune system or have had an organ transplant will continue to the end of July.

Wales

Here, there are no changes to our advice to the group of people who are shielding in Wales.

The group of people is being asked to continue following the shielding advice set out in the Chief Medical Officer for Wales’ until August 16.

A statement said: “We know shielding is not easy, but we are continuing to advise this group of people to take these measures because, although coronavirus is declining in Wales, it has not gone away and these shielding measures will continue to protect this group of people.”

Scotland

The measures have been extended from June 18 to at least July 31.

Northern Ireland

From July 6, vulnerable people who are shielding from infection will be able to meet up to six people outside the home, as long as social distancing is strictly observed, the health department said separately.

The distance you can travel



People have got unrestricted travel in England

Wales – Five miles

People in Wales people are being asked to stay local, which is defined as about five miles from their homes.

First Minister Mark Drakeford has said that this could be lifted to unrestricted travel from July 6, if figures continue to fall.

England – No limit

People in England can travel as far as they want to take exercise and spend time outside.

Scotland – No legal limit

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said there would be no legal limit on how far people in Scotland could travel, but she said the strong advice was to stay within five miles.

Northern Ireland – No limit

There are “no restrictions” on travel for those who are not self-isolating, Deputy First Minister Michelle O’Neill has said.

Face masks



People will be able to return to the shops in Wales with new changes to the lockdown restrictions announced by the Welsh Government

Wales – Not mandatory

People in Wales are being advised to wear masks in certain situations.

Health minister Vaughan Gething says the wearing of non-medical face masks on public transport and in other places where social distancing is difficult is “suggested”.

He said: “Further scientific evidence is needed on the benefits to the wider public of wearing face coverings but observational findings so far suggest that homemade or purchased three-layer face-coverings might reduce transmission from one person to another if made, worn, handled and disposed of properly.”

England – Mandatory in place

Face coverings on public transport are compulsory.

This is in line with new World Health Organization (WHO) advice. It says non-medical face coverings should be worn in public where social distancing is not possible.

They should also be worn by hospital staff, outpatients and visitors.

Scotland – Mandatory in places

Face coverings on public transport are compulsory, including buses, planes, ferries and taxis.

The Scottish government already recommends wearing a face covering in some enclosed public spaces, such as shops, and has said it will consult on making them mandatory there as well.

Northern Ireland – Not mandatory

Face coverings are not mandatory in enclosed places like public transport.

Deputy First Minister Michelle O’Neill said: “The advice today from both the chief scientific officer and the chief medical officer was that we’re in a position where we should be strongly recommending face coverings, and particularly in circumstances where you can’t socially distance or the room isn’t well ventilated, or indeed public transport.”

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The situation with schools



Social distancing measures as a child studies
Social distancing measures as a child studies

Wales – June 29

Education minister Kirsty Williams announced on June 3 that schools in Wales would be returning on June 29, and the school summer term would be extended by a week.

The summer term was extended by one week to 27 July, and the autumn half-term holiday will be stretched to two weeks.

But some councils across Wales have told schools not to open for the last week, saying that the Welsh Government was unable to agree the extra week with unions representing school staff.

England – Opened to certain year groups

Secondary schools in England have been allowed to reopen for Years 10 and 12 since 15 June. Teaching of vulnerable children and those of critical workers in all year groups will continue.

But only a quarter of eligible pupils are allowed in school at any one time.

Plans to get all primary pupils in England back for four weeks before the summer holidays have been dropped.

But some nursery and pre-school children – plus pupils in Reception, Year 1 and Year 6 – started to go back on 1 June.

Scotland – August re-opening

Teachers have been asked to return to schools prepare for the start of the new school year on August 11, when pupils will do a mixture of at-home and in-school learning.

Northern Ireland – September re-opening

Ministers there have already ruled out a return of schools before the summer.

Schools in Northern Ireland have different term dates and usually finish at the end of June, but when they do return in August there will be a 1m rule in place meaning more children will be able to be in classes together.

Shops, pubs and businesses that are open



Pubs in England will be allowed to open on July 4 with social distancing measures in place

Wales

Non-essential shops opened on Monday of this week, but not all opened their doors. For example, Primark, which opened stores in England last week, has still not given a date when they will open in Wales.

No date has yet been given for pubs, but certain tourism businesses have been told to prepare to take bookings from July 13.

England

All shops opened on June 15, and Boris Johnson has announced that pubs, restaurants, museums and cinemas have been given the green light to re-open.

The following can open if they are have followed guidelines:

Hotels, hostels bed and breakfast accommodation, holiday apartments or homes, cottages or bungalows, campsites, caravan parks or boarding houses

Places of Worship

Libraries

Community Centres

Restaurants, cafes and Workplace Canteens

Pubs and bars

Cinemas

Bingo Halls

Theatres and concert halls [guidance dictates no live performances]

Museums and galleries

Hair salons and barbers

Outdoor playgrounds

Outdoor gyms

Funfairs, theme parks and adventure parks and activities

Amusement arcades

Outdoor skating rinks

Other indoor leisure centres or facilities, including indoor games, recreation and entertainment venues

Social Clubs

Model villages

Indoor attractions at aquariums, zoos, safari parks, farms, wildlife centres and any place where animals are exhibited to the public as an attraction

The following would be/remain closed by law:
Nightclubs

Casinos

Bowling alleys and indoor skating rinks

Indoor play areas including soft-play

Spas

Nail bars and beauty salons

Massage, tattoo and piercing parlours

Indoor fitness and dance studios, and indoor gyms and sports venues/facilities

Swimming pools and water parks

Exhibition or Conference Centres – where they are to be used for exhibitions or conferences, other than for those who work for that venue.

Scotland

There is no date on pubs and clubs, but zoos and garden attractions can open from 29 June

Northern Ireland

Cafes, pubs and restaurants can open from July 3 – alcohol may be sold with food indoors. Pubs that do not sell food will only be permitted to open outdoors.

Going to work




Wales

The advice remains that people should work from home where possible, and only essential retail has remained open.

England

People in England who can’t work from home – particularly in construction and manufacturing – are also being actively encouraged to go to work.

They should still avoid public transport if possible because of social distancing and employers should make workplaces “Covid-secure” – by staggering shifts, rethinking shared equipment or planning safe walking routes.

Scotland

You may not leave your home to go to work unless it is not “reasonably possible” to work from home.

Businesses are advised are only to reopen if they consider their work essential, if their business is listed in the relevant phase, and they are confident that the workforce can practice social distancing and comply with health and safety standards.

Outdoor workplaces, including horticulture, landscaping and garden centres, forestry and environmental management, were allowed to resume work at the end of May.

From 29 June, factories, warehouses, labs, and research facilities can resume work.

Northern Ireland

The loosening of restrictions in Northern Ireland sees those unable to work from home encouraged to go back to work on a phased basis.

Weddings



A wedding that was allowed to take place in Northern Ireland with social distancing rules in place

Wales

The ban on weddings and civil partnerships was lifted on Monday (June 22), but big celebrations that you normally associate with the joyous event will still not be allowed.

England

Mr Johnson announced that wedding ceremonies involving up to 30 people will be allowed to go ahead.

Scotland

From June 29, weddings will be permitted with “minimal attendees”.

Northern Ireland

Permitted with up to 10 people from June 8. If one partner is terminally ill, weddings of up to 10 people indoors are permitted.

Hairdressers and beauty salons




England

Salons have been told that they can open from July 4.

Wales

First Minister Mark Drakeford has indicated that in his next review on July 10, he will be able to say that hairdressers can open.

That means you should be able to attend on appointment basis only from July 13.

Speaking at the Welsh Government’s press conference on Friday, Mr Drakeford said: “Hairdressers should use the next three weeks to make preparations to resume services by appointment only with all the necessary safeguarding in place.

Scotland

Although the country has now entered into phase 2 of Nicola Sturgeon’s route map out of lockdown, hairdressers are not expected to be allowed to open for bookings again until phase three of the plan. No date for that has been indicated yet.

Northern Ireland

Hairdressers and salons have been told they can open from July 6.

Can you use the toilet in another person’s house




Wales – No

Meeting people socially indoors is not allowed under the rules, as it significantly increases the risk of spreading the virus.

If two households are meeting in the private garden of one house, visitors can go through the house to reach the garden, but not stay in the house.

You should not use the toilets, kitchen, cutlery or anything else in another household. If you can, you should also avoid touching things indoors, such as light switches and door handles.

England – Yes

You can’t meet indoors, but you can use the toilet at a house you are visiting and can access a garden through a house. Barbecues are possible.

Mr Johnson said people should not be inside the homes of their friends and families ”unless it is to access the garden”. The rules for using a toilet are here.

The government also advises people not to sleepover another person’s house.

Scotland – Yes

The guidance in Scotland changed on June 19 so that visitors can, if necessary, go indoors to use the toilet if meeting in the garden of another household.



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